What does Show Jumping means ?
Show Jumping is associated with Equestrian Sport. It is also referred to as "stadium jumping" or "open jumping". It is a part of a equestrian events that includes dressage, eventing, hunters and equitation. Jumping events are commonly seen at horse shows throughout the world including the olympics. International competitions are governed by the rules of the International Federation for Equestrian Sports. Jumping classes may be governed by various national horse show sanctioning organizations.
The Show Jumping includes variety of obstacles such as verticals, spreads,and double and triple combinations, usually with many turns and changes of direction. The intent is to jump cleanly over a set course within an allotted time. Placings are based on the lowest number of points or "faults" accumulated. A horse and rider who have not accumulated any jumping faults or penalty points are said to have scored a "clear round". The international governing body for most major show jumping competitions is the Fédération Équestre Internationale (FEI).
The two most common types of penalties are jumping penalties and time penalties.
- Jumping Penalties: Jumping penalties are assessed for refusals and knockdowns, with each refusal or knockdown adding four faults to a competitor's score.
- Penalties for knockdowns are imposed only when the knockdown changes the height or width of the jump.
- Time Penalties: In the past, a common timing rule was a 1/4 second penalty for each second or fraction of a second over the time allowed. Since the early 2000s, this rule was changed by the FEI so that each second or fraction of a second over the time allowed would result in 1 time penalty.
For more details , you can go through A Complete Guide to Horse Riding.