What are the different forms of Orchestra ?
Orchestras perform a variety of music, most of which includes ballets, operas, symphonies, overtures and concerts. Some of the distinct forms of orchestra are discussed below.
1)Symphony – A symphony includes 50 -100 musicians with strong, percussion, woodwind and brass instruments. Always led by a conductor, symphonies are extended compositions that are notated in a musical score. Some symphonies, such as Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony also contain small vocal parts.
2) Chamber – This kind of orchestra is a smaller version of a symphony and has less than 50 musicians. The reason why it is called a chamber is because the musicians can fit in a public hall or a private room. However, the number of string instruments played in the chamber is usually the same as symphony orchestra.
3)String – String Orchestra is the kind of orchestra which only includes violin, viola, cello and other string instruments. On an average 8 instruments are used for this ensemble. Sometimes, a conductor isn’t required for these orchestras because of the smaller size.
4)Indian Orchestra – An Indian Orchestra is an instrumental ensemble, which when performed in the traditional way has four kinds of instruments – string, wind, drums and non -drum percussion. Indian orchestra includes instruments like Sitar and Tambura, Veena, Sarangi and Santoor, Bagpipes, flutes and harmonium. They may include other drums and instruments as well.
For more details about Orchestra, read A Complete Guide to Orchestra