Can you discuss the construction of Flute ?
The flute is a reed less wind instrument and is also known as the ‘aerophone’ and relies on the sound emanating from the air that flows from the openings. Flutes, according to Hornbostel-Sachs instrumental classification are placed in the category of ‘edge-blown aerophones’. A musician who plays the flute is also known as a flautist, flute player, fluter, flutenist or flutist.
There are three main components that make up the flute:
- Head Joint - This is that segment of the flute that has no keys and touches the mouth. The Tuning Cork is also located on the Head Joint which helps to adjust the flute’s intonation. The Embouchure Plate or the Lip Plate is also located here as this is where the musician places his lower lip for playing the flute. It is much easier to blow into a curved Lip Plate than a straight one.
- The Mouth Hole or the Blow Hole - It is also found on the Head Joint and is the part where the musician blows air to make sound. It could have a rounded rectangular or oval shape. The larger Mouth Hole is good for low notes while a smaller Mouth Hole is good for high notes.
- Body Joint - The Body Joint contains mostly all the keys and is also the largest segment of the flute. It is that part which connects the foot and the head joints together. The keys on the Body Joint are pressed to arrive at a particular pitch. Hence, it is important to ensure that the springs and the key pads are in good condition to avoid impacting the sound quality. The Tenons and the Tuning Slide are also located on the Body Joint.
- Foot Joint - This part of the flute is the shortest and also has very few keys. It actually contains a rod which is to be aligned with the center of the keys that are located on the flute’s body.
For more information about this instrument, read A Complete Guide To Flute