Mouthpiece: It is the part of sax through which the musician blows in order to produce sound. The mouthpiece also has two main parts – the tone chamber and the lay. The mouthpieces are usually marked with a letter that denotes the lay’s width.
Reed: The reed is affixed to the saxophone and its vibration produces the sound. These reeds are made out of bamboo that is grown in South of France.
Crook: The mouthpiece and main body of the instrument are joined by the crook. On top of the crook is the cork that helps to tune the saxophone.
Saxophone Keys: There are two types of keys; open standing and closed standing. The closed standing keys are closed with the help of a spring when the sax is not used, while the open standing keys are opened by a spring and get close only when a key is pressed.
Saxophone Tube: This is a long metallic tube whose width enhances at one end. It has specific spots on a side where holes are drilled to produce notes. It is the cone shape of the sax that produces the octave overtones.